Categories
Uncategorized

Automatically backing up Juniper switch configs

Over the past few years I’ve spent a considerable amount of time trying to find an cheap or free solution for backing up network devices at my workplace. As we were completely a Cisco house this lead be to installing RANCID on Ubuntu. This was a brilliant solution only taking a couple of hours to implement and backup the entire network.

Fast forward 8 years and things have changed dramatically, my workplace is no longer a Cisco only house, implementing Dell, Juniper, Fortinet and Cisco device into the network. This in turn has caused quite a bit of pain in getting our backups to work effectively. Our most recent requisition was some Juniper EX series switches. Investigation suggested that RANCID is capable of backing up Juniper equipment but it took some messing about to make it work. Here are the steps I have implemented to be able to get a backup of the switches:

  1. Software used:
    Ubuntu Linux
    RANCID 3.7
  2. Juniper Config
    Install a class specifically for the backup user:
set system login class backup permissions access
set system login class backup permissions admin
set system login class backup permissions firewall
set system login class backup permissions flow-tap
set system login class backup permissions interface
set system login class backup permissions network
set system login class backup permissions routing
set system login class backup permissions secret
set system login class backup permissions security
set system login class backup permissions snmp
set system login class backup permissions storage
set system login class backup permissions system
set system login class backup permissions trace
set system login class backup permissions view
set system login class backup permissions view-configuration

Install a new user and tie to the newly created class:

set system login user backup class backup
set system login user backup authentication plain-text-password

This isn’t ideal and the best way would be to implement the user with an SSH key-pair rather than passwords that way the RANCID server doesn’t have your network passwords in a plain text file.

3. RANCID Config

Here I have needed to make some modifications. First of all if you already have backups and are re-using the management addresses when migrating delete the files from the config folder and also the Entries file in the CVS folder of each individual site.

Modify your router.db file in your site folders to be the following for each of your juniper switches:

<deviceIP/name:deviceType:status>
router.name:juniper:up

Next you will need to modify the base file for types within RANCID, for me this was in /etc/rancid. In this file fine the following line:

juniper;command;junos::ShowConfiguration;show configuration

and change it to this:

juniper;command;junos::ShowConfiguration;show configuration | display set

If required, modify your .cloingrc file to include your newly created user and password here is what I did as a test:

add method 192.168.1.1 ssh
add user 192.168.1.1 backup
add password 192.168.1.1 passwordsetinjuniper

Then I needed to modify the junos perl script, for Ubuntu and the default install location this is in /usr/share/perl5/rancid/junos.pm. The following line needs to be commented:

next if (/^## last commit: /i);

Finally if you’re running this in Ubuntu run the login for Juniper to ensure that the server can login to switch successfully:

/usr/lib/rancid/bin/jlogin -f /var/lib/rancid/.cloginrc junipermgmtIP

If all is well and you can successfully login proceed to running the rancid-run file and monitor the logs to confirm the configuration have backed up:

sudo su -c /var/lib/rancid/bin/rancid-run -s /bin/bash -l rancid

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s